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SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

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ABOUT SNU

Overview

Timeline

1895 - 1945 Origin

In late 19th century, Korean Emperor Gojong established the modern higher education system to promote nation's independence and modernization. After Korea was colonized by Japanese colonialism in 1910, most of the institutions were closed or taken over by the Japanese colonial administration. After the country was liberated from colonial rule in 1945, Seoul National University was established as the first national university, carrying on the royal institutions of the previous century.

Legal Training School (1895)

  • Mar. 25, 1895 Imperial Order 49 issued to establish Legal Training School to educate modern judicial officials
  • May 6, 1895 Legal Training School opened in Seoul as six-month program. Seven legal subjects offered - civil/criminal laws, civil/criminal procedures, and current laws -to 50 selected male students aged 20 to 35 six days a week. The most distinguished students were offered three months early graduations.
  • Nov. 19, 1895 Legal Training School produced its first graduates. Among the 47 graduates there were historical figures including Martyr Yi Jun (1859-1907) who led Hague Secret Emissary in 1907, and Judge HAM Tae Young (1873-1964), one of the 33 Leaders of March 1st Independence Movement in 1919
  • May 2, 1896 Legal Training School produced 39 graduates and closed for the next seven years
  • Feb. 1903 Legal Training School re-opened as a one-and-a-half-year program with 90 students
  • 1904 Three subjects added to the curriculum: international law, constitutional law, and administrative law

    * Number of graduates of Legal Training School (1895-1908)

    # Number of Graduates Date of Commencement
    1st 47 Nov. 19, 1895
    2nd 39 May 2, 1896
    3rd 28 July 15, 1904
    4th 20 1905
    5th 22 1907
    6th 54 Dec. 27, 1908
    Total 210
  • Oct. 28, 1909 Legal Training School renamed as Law School
  • Aug. 22, 1910 Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty signed
  • Nov. 1, 1911 Law School merged into Keijo Legal Training School after Korea had been taken over in 1910 * Old name of Seoul was Gyeongseong in Korean and Keijo in Japanese.
  • 1926 Keijo Legal Training School renamed as Keijo Law College
  • Oct. 15, 1945 Korea was liberated from Japan after 36 years of colonial rule
  • Oct. 16, 1945 Keijo Imperial University renamed as Seoul University by the US military administration
  • Aug. 22, 1946 Seoul National University's College of Law was established, integrating Seoul Law College and Seoul University's College of Law.
    * Keijo Imperial University renamed as Gyeongseong University after the liberation in 1945.

Seoul Normal School (1894)

  • Sept. 17, 1894 Seoul(Hansung) Normal School opened
  • Apr. 16, 1895 Imperial Order 79 issued to establish Seoul Normal School with the purpose of training elementary school teachers.
  • May 1, 1895 Seoul Normal School officially opened
  • 1897 Homer Bezaleel Hulbert (1863-1949), an American missionary and advocate of Korea's independence, joined the school as a teacher
    [Number of graduates of Seoul Normal School (1895-1906)]
    # Number of Graduates Year of Commencement
    1st 28 1895
    2nd 41 1896
    3rd 44 1897
    4th 26 1899
    5th 9 1902
    6th 24 1903
    7th 23 1905
    Total 195

      **71% of graduates served as elementary school teachers.

  • Sept. 1, 1906 Seoul Normal School was changed to Seoul Public Normal School by the Korean government
  • 1906 - 1911 Seoul Public Normal School produced 353 graduates
  • Aug. 23, 1911 Seoul Public Normal School was closed due to colonialism
  • Aug. 22, 1946 Seoul National University's College of Education established

Euhakkyo (1899) and the Great Han Medical Center (1907)

  • Mar. 24, 1899 Imperial Order 7 issued to establish Euhakkyo (Medical School) to train modern medical practitioners
  • Mar. 28, 1899 JI Seok-yeong (1855-1935), who developed the vaccination to eliminate small pox in Korea, was appointed as the first principal of Euhakkyo, and served until 1910
  • Oct. 2, 1899 Euhakkyo opened in Gwanhun-dong, Jongno-gu
  • Jan. 9, 1903 Euhakkyo produced its first graduates - 19 doctors
  • Mar. 10, 1907 Great Han (Daehan) Medical Center was established in Yeongeon-dong, integrating Euhakkyo and Gwanghyewon hospital. Euhakkyo became the Teaching Division of Great Han Medical Center
    Nursing Education Division established in the Great Han Hospital
  • July 18, 1907 Teaching Division of Great Han Medical Center produced its first graduates - 13 doctors
  • Nov. 1907 Teaching Division of Great Han Medical Center, formerly Euhakkyo, joined the medical center in Yeongeon-dong
  • Feb. 1, 1909 Teaching Division was changed to the Medical School affiliated to Great Han Medical Center.
  • Oct. 1, 1910 Under the Japanese imperial rule, Great Han Medical Center and its affiliated medical school was renamed as Viceroyalty Medical Center and its Medical School in Joseon (Korea)
  • Apr. 1, 1916 Medical School affiliated to the Viceroyalty Medical Center was changed to Keijo Medical College
  • Mar. 27, 1917 Keijo Medical College produced its first graduates - all 48 graduates were Koreans
  • Aug. 22, 1946 Seoul National University's College of Medicine was established in Yeongeon-dong, merging Seoul Medical College and Seoul University's College of Medicine

School of Agriculture, Commerce, Engineering (1899)

  • June 24, 1899 School of Commerce and Engineering established
  • June 8, 1904 School of Commerce and Engineering was changed to School of Agriculture, Commerce, and Engineering, adding agricultural field.
  • Sept. 10, 1906 School of Agriculture separated from the School of Agriculture, Commerce, and Engineering
  • Jan. 1907 School of Agriculture moved to Suwon
  • Mar. 1918 School of Agriculture changed to a three-year college, and was renamed to Suwon Agriculture and Forestry College
  • Aug. 22, 1946 Suwon Agriculture and Forestry College became Seoul National University's College of Agriculture and Forestry.

Seoul University

  • Apr. 1924 Keijo Imperial University was established by the Japanese colonial government
  • Oct. 10, 1945 Lieutenant commander Alfred Crofts was appointed as president of Keijo Imperial University, and served until 7 December 1945
  • Oct. 16, 1945 Keijo Imperial University was renamed as Seoul University by the USAMGIK Ordinance 15
  • Aug. 22, 1946 Seoul University became a part of Seoul National University

Seoul Music College

  • Dec. 25, 1945 Seoul (Gyeongseong) Music College was established as a private institution by musician HYUN Jae-myung
  • Feb. 1, 1946 Seoul Music College opened
  • Aug. 22, 1946 Seoul Music College became the Music Division of Seoul National University's College of Fine Arts
Last updated in 2016