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SEOUL NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

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ABOUT SNU

Overview

Timeline

1960 - 1975 Growth

  • Apr. 19 – 26, 1960 Leading April 19th Revolution against dictatorship
    After President RHEE Syngman re-elected by manipulating votes on Mar. 15, 1960, SNU community members led the protest against rigged election and had the president resigned.
    - Apr. 19, 1960
    Students at the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences posted a manifesto for democracy, and led street demonstrations which soon followed by 3,000 people. Police started shooting five hours after the manifesto posted, and six SNU students were killed by police -- KIM Chiho (College of Liberal Arts and Sciences), KOH Soonja (College of Fine Arts), PARK Dong-hun (College of Law), YU Jae-shik and SOHN Joong-Geun (College of Education), and AHN Seung-Joon (College of Commerce)
    - Apr. 25, 1960
    Professors went on street for democracy. 258 professors gathered at the SNU Faculty Club to read the declaration of democracy written by Professor LEE Hi-Seung at the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. They marched to the National Assembly building, holding a placard stating “Pay for the students' blood". Next day President RHEE Syngman resigned from his office, ending his 12 years of dictatorship.
  • May - June 1960 Democratization on campus after the revolution
    - May 23, 1960     1st SNU Student Council organized, dissolving the Student Defense Corpse organized by the government on Sept. 27, 1949
    - June 3, 1960      Female Student Council organized
    - June 10, 1960    Public Enlightenment Campaign for political justice instigated by students
  • Aug. 1960 The Professional Graduate Program in Public Health affiliated to the College of Medicine became the Graduate School of Public Health
  • Oct. 10, 1960 The Department of Aesthetics in the College of Fine Arts became a part of the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  • Nov. 18, 1960 SNU Association for Korean People's Unification organized by students, promoting key values as democracy, unification, and national independence, which was the beginning of a long-lasting students' movement toward unification.
  • Feb. 27, 1961 The Department of Archaeology and Anthropology was established in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences
  • Mar. 1961 The Professional Graduate Program in Public Administration affiliated to the College of Law became the Graduate School of Public Administration
  • Apr. 15, 1961 The academic year changed from April - March to March - February
    Changes of Academic Year
    - Before 1945: April 1 - March 31 (following the Japanese system)
    - 1946-1950: September 1 - August 31 (following the US system)
    - 1951-1960: April 1 - March 31
    - 1961-current: March 1 - February 28
  • Sept. 1, 1961 General PARK Chung-hee, who took office of the presidency by a coup d'état on May 16th 1961, enforced the Provisional Law on Education.
    Faculty members' rights of consent voting were deprived. According to the new law, SNU president must be appointed or dismissed by the government regardless of faculty's consent. Furthermore, undergraduate entrance examinations should be administered by government. SNU's own entrance examinations were abolished.
  • Dec. 9, 1961 The College of Veterinary Medicine incorporated into the College of Agriculture
  • 1962 - 1973 Professional Graduate Schools newly established or expanded
    - Graduate School of Judicial Research & Training was established to educate legal professionals on February 17, 1962 (Closed on Aug. 1970 with the establishment of Judicial Research & Training Institute)
    - Graduate School of Education was established to educate secondary school teachers in April 1963 (Merged with College of Education in 1975)
    - Graduate School of Business was established to train industry experts in November 1965 (Merged with the College of Business Administration in 1975)
    - Graduate School of Mass Communication was established to train journalists and public relations officers in December 1967 (Merged with Dept. of Mass Communications in the College of Social Sciences in 1975)
    - Graduate School of Environmental Studies was established to raise experts in urban design in January 1973
    - Graduate School of Public Health extended its program to 2 years
  • Feb. 17, 1962 The Department of Business Administration was established in the College of Commerce
  • Mar. 1962 Survey of undergraduate students (8,943 answered among 11,127)
    - 87.8% male students, 12.2% female
    - 31.7% from Seoul, and 75% with urban background
    - 23% working as tutors
    - 22.8% earning their own tuition fees
  • June 30, 1962 Closing of the Minnesota Project (1954-1962)
  • Jan. 1, 1963 Language Research Institute established
  • June 20, 1963 Kyujanggak archives catalogued
  • Mar. 13, 1964 Departments of Applied Mathematics, Applied Physics, and Applied Chemistry established in the College of Engineering
  • 1959 - 1975Each Colleges had its own festival: Ever Green Festival (College of Agriculture, 1961-1975), Haklim Festival (College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, 1962-1970), Arts Festival (College of Fine Arts, 1968-1973), Naksan Festival (College of Law, 1966-1974), Hongneung Festival (College of Commerce, 1959-1974), Hamchoon Festival (College of Pharmacy, 1963-1973), Music Festival (College of Fine Arts, 1968-1974), Hanchoon Festival and Exhibition (College of Medicine, 1964-1974), Jeogyeong Festival (College of Dentistry, 1964-1974), and Aram Festival (College of Home Economics, 1970-)
  • June 3, 1964 Students engaged in a mass demonstration against the Treaty on Basic Relations between the Republic of Korea and Japan, creating a momentum of active political engagement among SNU students
  • Oct. 15, 1966 20 Years of SNU History published
  • Dec. 15, 1966 Department of Manufacturing Pharmacy established in the College of Pharmacy
  • June 8, 1967 The election of members to the National Assembly was rigged. Students went on strike and mass demonstration. The university expelled all the involved students, and closed campuses for the rest of the semester. 
  • 1967-1974 Research Faculty positions were created. 234 worked as research professors with no teaching duties.
  • June 11, 1968 Original document of Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty of 1910 found in Kyujanggak
  • Oct. 1968 The government introduced Preliminary College Entrance Examination, which became mandatory for all undergraduate applicants
  • Dec. 24, 1968 The Department of Home Economics in the College of Education became the College of Home Economics with three departments - Departments of Home Management, Food and Nutrition, and Clothing.
    The Department of History in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences divided into three departments - Departments of Korean History, Asian History, and Western History
  • Feb. 12, 1969 Seoul National University Alumni Association first established
  • Mar. 1969 Military Training course opened as a mandatory course with 6 credits
  • June - Oct. 1969 Students engaged in the protest against the constitutional amendment that would allow President PARK Chung-hee to be re-elected for a third term. Campus closed on July 5 and reopened on Oct. 23 after the referendum completed
  • Dec. 24, 1969 Department of Microbiology established
  • Dec. 28, 1969 College of Dentistry moved from Sogong-dong to the medical campus in Yeongeon-dong
  • Apr. 8, 1970 Separate decree on the establishment of Seoul National University was made, independent of the general decree on the establishment of national schools
  • Nov. 13, 1970 JEON Tae-il, a textile mill worker, committed suicide by burning himself to death in protest of the poor working conditions of Korean workers. SNU students held mass memorial demonstration for Jeon. The school closed on Nov. 20 until the next semester.
  • Mar. 15, 1971 Students' protest against mandatory military training started. All colleges of SNU closed from Apr. 15 to 26 to stop the protest.
  • Oct. 15, 1971 Government invoked garrison decree, and armed forces stayed on the closed campus. 59 SNU students were expelled and forced to enter military service.
  • As of 1972 Number of faculty doubled over ten years
    Year 1962 1967 1972
    Number of Faculty 505 720 1,028
  • 1972 - 1980 Graduate School's admission quota rapidly increased
    Year 1943 1971 1973 1976 1979 1980
    Graduate admission quota 245 425 704 1,030 1,685 1,965
  • Mar. 1972 Korea Air & Correspondence College, the first distance education institution in Korea, was established as an SNU affiliated institution with five departments
  • 1973 As of 1973, University Library had 926,000 books, and 284 seats
  • Apr. 3 - 11, 1973 105,000 trees planted on Gwanak campus
  • Apr. 11, 1973 Department of Mechanical Design established in the College of Engineering
  • Jan. 26, 1973 Graduation requirement lowered to 140 credits
  • Apr. 17, 1974 College of Engineering conducted the first open recruitment for faculty
  • 1974 - 1983 Major change in undergraduate student admissions: 80% were recruited by fields, instead of departments. Students were recruited by six fields: humanities, social studies, natural sciences, home economics, education, and agriculture. After entering university, students should choose their department.
  • 1961 - 1975 67 master's programs established
  • May 13, 1975 Emergency Act 9 issued to dissolve all SNU student councils/groups
  • June 30, 1975 Student National Defense Corpse re-launched 15 years after it had been abolished during the April 19th Revolution in 1960
  • July 1975 Faculty Reappointment System implemented: faculty members to be reappointed when promoted.
  • Sept. 1, 1975 Military training courses intensified: Four hours per week (60 hours per semester) of training and ten-days military camp during first-year made mandatory. Skipping class, even for an hour, was regarded as evasion of military service.
  • Oct. 17, 1972 – Dec. 12, 1979 Students’ Struggle against Yushin Dictatorship
    - Oct. 17, 1972
    President PARK Chung-hee proclaimed martial law, and announced his plan to make the 6th constitutional amendment to have life-long presidency, and control all branches of power - executive, legislative, and judiciary.
    - Oct. 17 - Nov. 28, 1972
    While the university was closed under the martial law until Nov. 28, the Yushin constitution was established through a rigged referendum on Nov. 21. President Park re-elected on Dec. 23, 1972 after a rigged election.
    - Oct. 4, 1973
    The first protest against the Yushin Dictatorship was started by 200 students from the College of Law. Soon all SNU students participated, and 56 were indefinitely suspended
    - Apr. 3, 1974
    President Park issued Emergency Act 4, claiming that communists were trying to overthrow the country. Police arrested 1,024 people without warrant who seemed to be participating in anti-dictatorship movement. Eight of them, who claimed to be members of the People's Revolutionary Party, were sentenced to death and executed within 18 hours. A total 40 SNU graduates were prosecuted and sentenced 15 years in prison to death.
    - Apr. 11, 1975
    SNU student KIM Sang-jin read a protest letter to President Park in front of the student center, and committed suicide by disembowelment. Students held his funeral on campus, of which 56 were arrested by police. Following the tragic event, SNU President HAN Sim-suk was forced to resign by the government
    - Nov. 11, 1977
    3,000 students participated in anti-dictatorship demonstration at the student center
    - 1978-1979
    Anti-dictatorship demonstrations held on campus almost every month
    - Oct. 26, 1979The Yushin Regime, the dictatorship of President PARK Chung-hee, came to an end with Park's assassination
Last updated in 2016